An Internet divided

2 December 2004


A Blue Perspective: An Internet divided

On the one side, you have Flash. On the other, you have HTML. And in the middle is the Internet, slowly being carved up.

It's been the title fight on the Web now for about five years. Which technology shall reign supreme? Previously, I'd always thought it was a battle over the same territory – for the domination of the entire Web. But I feel they've become increasingly specialised, each growing (or shrinking, depending on how you look at it) to occupy their mutually exclusive part of the Internet.

Michael Bierut's fantastic article about the caricatured opposites in the world of designers highlighted to me one of the ways by which this division grows deeper. In his piece, Michael quotes Nick Bell on the existence of "agents of neutrality" and "aesthetes of style" – those who strive to bring a client's message to the fore, and those who seek to create a beautiful monolith unto themselves.

Obviously, parallels can be drawn between the "agents of HTML" and the "aesthetes of Flash". HTML, notoriously known for its focus upon functionality, accessibility and usability. Flash, infamously recognised for its disdain of information, love of moving objects and unbookmarkability.

At the moment, the two technologies attract different designers and different clients. Wired isn't going to be moving to Flash anytime soon, nor is Nike Football going to be moving to HTML. The two have different needs, which are met by different solutions.

Individuals that view "visual expression as the most important ingredient in design" will most likely gravitate towards the medium where they are most easily able to satisfy their desires; whether it be through technological freedom (Flash's ability to create rich, flowing experiences) or from the freedom granted by the projects they are given (Nike's need to produce rich, flowing experiences). Conversely, those who consider themselves the "passive mediator of the client's message" will gravitate to the tools and opportunities that allow them to fulfil their personal priorities.

This does, in part, answer Keith Robinson and other's questions as to where "design" has disappeared to. Not just the "oh wow, that's pretty" graphical design that's the key in the Favourite Website Awards, but also the "oh wow, I found what I'm looking for" information design and accessibility that's the key in the Web Standards Awards. The best of both exist in entirely different worlds.

This duality is often combated by creating a hybrid of the two solutions, but in so doing I find that the strongest aspects of the respective mediums are often diluted. With the growing calls to re-establish the balance in web design, is it only a matter of time until one of the camps gets its act together and offers a truly compelling solution to the entire problem? Only then will the best of graphic design meet with the best of the usable Web.


, ,


  1. 1/45

    Matthom commented on 2 December 2004 @ 04:18

    Very well put. I've been torn in the middle of this battle for years. Who's right and who's wrong.

    This is a good reference for HTML vs. Flash - the powers of each, and the weakness of each.

  2. 2/45

    Jeff Croft commented on 2 December 2004 @ 05:21

    Nicely said.

    To me, the crux of the problem lines in the simple fact that XHTML/CSS is simple for computer geeks and programmers to grasp, where as Flash is simple for long time designers to catch onto.

    XHTML/CSS is similar, in many ways, to programming. Thus, I think the first wave of designers jumping to it are those who have backgrounds in technology -- programming, etc.

    Flash is similar, in many ways, to traditional design programs (Illustrator, Photoshop, Quark, etc.). This, I think the first wave of designers jumping to it are those who have backgrounds in traditional design -- print, advertising, etc.

    Obviously this is a broad generalization. There are great designers who are advocates of CSS, and there are programmers who are quite skilled at Flash. Likewise, there are people who are excelent at both. But, in general, I believe this is the case.

    There is a need for both, and a need for both <em>at the same time</em>, in my mind. You said that the hybrid solutions often dilute the strongest aspects of each medium. I'm not sure I agree.

    Part of the problem is a bit of elitism, as well. People in the XHTML/CSS world often shun Flash as being inaccessible, over-the-top, or otherwise "impure." Flash designers often shun HTML as being too simple for their needs. Neither is really true. The bottom line is that there are things both sides could learn from the other camp, if we'd open our eyes and stop being so elitist.

  3. 3/45

    Shawn commented on 2 December 2004 @ 06:08

    The Flash info/community/tutorial site has generally impressed me with their blend of Flash and HTML, though certainly they have more Flash skills than markup. It did take me a few times of poking around their markup to see where exactly the first stopped and the second began, rather than the typically obvious lines that make hybrid sites just seem way too awkward.

    I still haven't seen a well done hybrid that keeps the strengths of each, though. And unfortunately, I definitely don't have the time to make one just for the sake of having an example out there. Any sites that I make use XHTML/CSS or they use Flash, but never both, since whenever a client wants a "Flash site" they don't want anything else getting in there. Almost seems like they fear contamination, though from what I couldn't tell you.

  4. 4/45

    David house commented on 3 December 2004 @ 03:34

    How about Dave Shea's Bright Creative [1]? That's a nice mix of a lot of HTML and a smidgeon of Flash, and a nice effect too!


  5. 5/45

    Kevin Cannon commented on 4 December 2004 @ 03:10

    I have to say I'm dissapointed with this entry. Are we in 1998 again?

    It's not a case of Flash vs HTML. We use both depending on the clients needs & wants. That's the way it should be. Technology is a tool, not a religion. Giving credibility to this argument is something I thought was long gone.

  6. 6/45

    The Man in Blue commented on 5 December 2004 @ 17:36

    I highly doubt that Flash and HTML will be living side by side in five years time. Macromedia continues to improve the accessibility and scalability of Flash, while we in the Standards world continue to make progress on things like SVG and application delivery. It's a question of which will get there first.

    Given Macromedia's commercial incentive to make Flash more than just a pretty header graphic, and their ability to rollout new versions of the technology to end users much faster, I'd put my money on them developing a holistic product quicker than the open source movement.

  7. 7/45

    Amit Karmakar commented on 7 December 2004 @ 10:07

    Good post Cameron. IMO I don't think the two will go side by side either. Over the 5 odd years the differences have grown between the 2 different fields. And they are continuing to grow even more. At the end of the day a lot depends on the designer/developer and the skills they are comfortable with.

  8. 8/45

    jeremy commented on 8 December 2004 @ 01:50

    I guess the problem with this argument is that it pits the bleeding edge of one movement against the bleeding edge of another. While this is where many of the most obvious faces in the Internet development world live, the rest of us live in a world where the bleeding edge is neat, but it doesn't accomplish what we need it to accomplish. And in that world, Flash and HTML can certainly live peacefully side-by-side.

    The question isn't whether they can, it's *how* to use them appropriately.

    Despite Macromedia's plans to take over the world, in *my* world, Flash has a set of very specific purposes, and it accomplishes those purposes amazingly well. My last full-time job was for a company that built web-based training modules for resellers of technology products. There were things we built in Flash that wouldn't have worked any other way. (I mean, a lot of it could have been built with DHTML, but the development cost, not to mention the overall inelegance of that solution, would have been prohibitive.) And there were pieces that we build in straight HTML. It just depended on the content we were providing.

    Before that, I worked for a company that developed cartoon-based educational content for children. We built a giant interactive world for schoolchildren to use that closely matched our print materials. This included several 2-8 minute cartoons, for which Flash was absolutely perfect.

    There are a lot of reasons why this worked, including the fact that our clients were the same people who bought and built the computers their users used, which allowed them to ensure that Flash was appropriately installed on every machine.

    I'm not saying that we got it absolutely right, and I'll certainly agree that many many developers out there get it very wrong. But I don't see the gaping schism Cameron describes at all.

    I think the pixelfest experiment Cameron created last month is a good reference for this discussion. Cameron built the experiment, and I decided to built an animation to go along with it. His pixelfest is created with javascript and CSS. I've got plenty of experience with DHTML ( - the code could be optimized, but you get the idea), but I chose Flash to build the animation instead. Here's why I made that choice:

    1) First and foremost, accessibility isn't a primary concern here. There's always an argument somewhere for making everything more accessible, but there's also a huge difference between the accessibility requirements of CNN, or a community newsletter, or whatever, and an art experiment on a website that pushes the envelope.
    2) Cross-platform issues in DHTML are painful, painful, painful. There was a time when the Flash player wasn't well distributed, but those days are long over. I'm not saying that you can count on every user who visits your site to have the player installed, but the percentages are more and more acceptable every day.
    3) DHTML is a nasty memory hog, especially when you're dealing with thousands and thousands of pieces of data. In my personal experience, Flash deals with this problem much more efficiently.
    4) Flash is already timeline-based, which matched my specific needs.

    It took me all of two hours--and a couple more hours of tweaking--to create the PHP script that culls and reformats the data, and to build the Flash file that grabs the reformats that data and then animates it. It was a quick-and-dirty, simple solution to the question, "what would this look like if it were animated?"

    But if you visit my personal website, you won't find a lick of Flash on it. It doesn't make any sense there, so I don't use it.

    (I desperately need to re-build the whole site with XHTML, but that's another job for another day.)

    I think, instead of pointing out the fight that rages between bleeding edge developers, we should spend our time advocating for appropriate use (and better, more integrated, more accesible versions) of the tools we've got.

  9. 9/45

    The Man in Blue commented on 8 December 2004 @ 10:50

    I'll admit, I'm not really interested in the current state of affairs here. I'm more interested in how it's going to turnout, where we should be looking.

    You've mentioned that we should spend our time advocating for "appropriate use" of the technologies. But what is that appropriate use based on? The deficiencies and strengths of each particular methodology.

    A good product developer will always try to eradicate the weaknesses of their product, and this can be seen through Macromedia's development of XML data sourcing, and through the Standards push for separated code.

    Assuming that current weaknesses in both technologies will be strengthened at some point in the future, what decision will "appropriate use" be based on?

    If Flash was equally as accessible as HTML, and you could bookmark/link to each page, which technology would be "better"?

  10. 10/45

    AGoodExample commented on 11 December 2004 @ 00:22

    Isn't this a perfect blend of both?

  11. 11/45

    jixor commented on 11 December 2004 @ 00:44

    I think optimally what he is saying is that its about what is more appropriate at the time of authoring for the job at hand all factors considered. Heh.

  12. 12/45

    The Man in Blue commented on 13 December 2004 @ 14:29

    #10: You find an unboomarkable, unsearchable, one page web site a "perfect blend"?

    You have a strange definition of perfection ...

  13. 13/45

    jeremy commented on 15 December 2004 @ 00:40

    No question about #10. Perfect blend of what? That's pretty much pure Flash, and Cameron is absolutely right. No way to save your place, no way to search the contents. It's got a lot of "hey, neat!" qualities, which become a lot less important the more you use any website. Content is always king, and getting to that content as quickly and easily as possible is critically important.

    Say I want to show someone who the head honchos are at 2advanced--there's no way to point them directly there. I've got to send them an email with the root URL, and then I've got to send a set of instructions for clicking through to the right spot.

    As a perfect example of *what to do* here's a link to the team that runs Adaptive Path:

    See how easy that was?

    I'll say it again: Flash is neat, but until it's searchable and bookmarkable, it won't be replacing HTML (or its cousins) any time soon. There's an appropriate time and place.

    Cameron, here's one hurdle I think Flash may never overcome: one of the innate advantages of markup languages is the built-in searchability and bookmarkability of the pages. When you build a web page with a markup language, you just build it, add your links, and viola! people can bookmark it or search it. All that without a developer spending hours and hours making it that way. (I know that there's always room for improvement in terms of searchability, but that's another thing.)

    Flash, on the other hand, has the distinct disadvantage of being timeline-based. Which is to say, Macromedia has already set it up so that you can use a #hyperlink to jump to a frame in the (main) timeline, but you *have to set it up yourself.*

    So frankly, when I look into the future, I have a hard time seeing a Flash that works as well as markup languages when it comes to the organization and presentation of text.

    I'll reiterate my point: for now, and into the forseeable future, IMHO, Flash has a bunch of very excellent uses, in the right time and in the right place. But it's no replacement for markup. In the same way that you can't really use XHTML to build an animated cartoon.

  14. 14/45

    Rob commented on 15 December 2004 @ 16:07

    Flash is searchable and bookmarkable but not many people are capable of doing it...yet. is bookmarkable is searchable and, wait for it, is over 2 years old.

    The technology is there, just waiting to be harnessed.

  15. 15/45

    beto commented on 16 December 2004 @ 02:39

    Since I work on a development firm where web standards and accesibility are, my opinion might be a bit biased since practically all we do is XHTML- and CSS-based. However, I think the problem doesn't lie in a "Flash vs.HTML" choice, but on advocates from each side of the field pretending their choice be the be-all, end-all of web development. None of them is right. We don't get many requests from clients for animated tutorials, online games or things like that, but if we did, we'd probably agree using Flash on these assignments would make more sense than anything else. And for what we do most (cross-platform web application management systems with complex database interacting) it would be just silly to think we could get away with it using Flash.

    I always have thought of Flash as this little animation tool it once was, now pretending to be too many things at once. The tool has come a long way since then, sure, but that's no argument to say it can replace HTML. Nor to say it's more practical to deal with DHTML issues to create animations and graphical data representations that are far simpler to deal with in Flash. Not to mention the open source vs. Macromedia thing: That alone leaves a lot of room to ponder.

    What really gets my nerve as I said before are the advocate fundamentalists of either technology that pretend their way to be THE only way to do things, which in turn has created a lot of misinformation among developers and clients.

  16. 16/45

    beto commented on 16 December 2004 @ 02:40

    Should be read on first line of above comment: "where web standards and accesibility are core values of our business"

    My bad.

  17. 17/45

    jeremy commented on 16 December 2004 @ 03:01

    fantasy interactive is bookmarkable? Uh, not in the traditional sense. You can certainly send whatever page you're on to a friend using their handy-dandy little emailing app, but what if I just want to bookmark a page for myself? As far as I can tell, I've got to send myself an email with the appropriate link. It's nice to be able to jump to a page in Flash, but what if I want to use delicious to bookmark it? I can't just copy the URL into the delicious form, or I'll simply get the front page.

    No, this is exactly what I'm talking about. The developers who built this functionality (which still isn't as powerful or as simple as it would be were these pages built with markup) spent hours and hours making this happen. If they'd built those pages in a markup language with Flash widgets installed where appropriate to create the *zip* all of the bookmarking and all of the search would work like a charm.

    All that time for functionality that doesn't even work quite right. I mean, yes, Rob, you're right: there is a kind of bookmarkability in one case and a kind of searchability in the other. But I look at those pages, and I frankly don't understand why they aren't build with both technologies. They certainly could be, without any loss of look-and-feel. And I imagine (though obviously I don't know) that it could have cost a lot less, in the long run.

  18. 18/45

    jeremy commented on 16 December 2004 @ 03:13

    Hang on, actually, my bad: there's another layer of bookmarking functionality built into the Fantasy Interactive site. If you try to bookmark using the traditional "bookmark this page" contextual menu (as long as you're on a PC . . . I haven't been able to test it with my PowerBook) you get what amounts to an error message telling you to use Ctrl+D or the bookmark menu to bookmark the page.

    This, in fact, is one more layer of functionality they've added, beyond being able to email direct links to pages. The problem is, they've had to hack my browser's normal functionality to do it, which IMHO is a big no-no. And still, the URL in my browser simply doesn't represent the actual page I'm on.

    In a way, you could argue that using frames (which they also do, by the way) is the same thing--it prevents the end user from being able to easily capture links to pages they like. Which is always a bad thing, no matter *what* kind of web page you're building.

  19. 19/45

    Rob commented on 16 December 2004 @ 04:34

    Jeremy, using your example from comment 13, you said, "Say I want to show someone who the head honchos are at 2advanced--there's no way to point them directly there."

    On the Fantasy Interactive site I surfed to the relevant page and copied from my address bar. That surely covers the bookmark issue?

  20. 20/45

    jeremy commented on 16 December 2004 @ 05:59

    That certainly works, except that that's not what I get in my address bar. I'm using Firefox on a PC. Maybe it's hacked to do that in IE?

  21. 21/45

    jeremy commented on 16 December 2004 @ 07:41

    And that's confirmed. The hyperlinks work in IE on a PC. But not in any other browser/platform combination that I tested. Which just reiterates my point. I'm sure they could make it work on every major browser on every major platform, but why waste the time? If the site was a mix of markup and Flash, all of that would *already be done*.

  22. 22/45

    Amrk commented on 19 December 2004 @ 07:57

    works now in opera and firefox. so they have done it.

  23. 23/45

    jeremy commented on 20 December 2004 @ 12:37

    Amrk, do you mean, if you click on the link Rob provided, you end up at the Team page? Because that has always worked, and probably works on every browser.

    The thing that doesn't work is getting that link *when you start at the beginning of the website* with any browser except IE.

    Go to the FI site in Firefox:

    Now use the menu to go to the "Our Team" page (Menu > Our Company > About Us > Our Team).

    Look at the URL in your browser. Is it the same as when you started, or is it ?

    When I do it, it's still the root URL. Which means that if I'm using Firefox to browse the site, when I find a page I like, I can't copy the URL and paste it into another document to save it. And if I bookmark the page, it's not going to take me to the deeper part of the site. I'll have to start at the beginning every time.

  24. 24/45

    Ed commented on 11 February 2005 @ 07:37

    There is no HTML v Flash. That's like bikes v cars.

    A search engine can, just, grab the text within a swf file and index that information; there is no document structure, no heirarchy. Search engines serve content to users, not the websites themselves and without HTML, and plenty of it, a small business has no hope of getting a decent rank.

    Usability, bookmarks, compatibility etc. have all been mentioned and no doubt will be addressed in the future.

    From an accessibility point of view, Flash actually serves people with certain learning difficulties very well because of it's high visual interaction. Accessibility isn't always about mobility or sensory impariment.

  25. 25/45

    wsnkxm commented on 6 March 2010 @ 18:00

    BXhRUm <a href="">fugvvqzimiyi</a>, [url=]xnjchbdpuhpm[/url], [link=]pesamshhniqh[/link],

  26. 26/45

    hxzbaf commented on 6 March 2010 @ 18:02

    BhdY4g <a href="">ysxlspgddlqs</a>, [url=]uwwxwipffdgi[/url], [link=]orglhfhvposq[/link],

  27. 27/45

    mqqpzbofx commented on 6 March 2010 @ 18:34

    fpIfB9 <a href="">cpezvuulecyp</a>, [url=]krchivrcshuh[/url], [link=]rpaummacgops[/link],

  28. 28/45

    phsiqekzroh commented on 6 March 2010 @ 18:38

    WAYsPX <a href="">lsbrdyagedly</a>, [url=]sireorxtjwbc[/url], [link=]lrqfsyjlakfv[/link],

  29. 29/45

    kokodtjyzl commented on 22 March 2011 @ 16:21

    qebdgc <a href="">xhfhknitutgn</a>, [url=]shkknogkvfbt[/url], [link=]liwhjwqowbdy[/link],

  30. 30/45

    laevrvrtq commented on 22 March 2011 @ 23:16

    PkfWE6 <a href="">suzoibhyfsvv</a>, [url=]wmygozglvqqw[/url], [link=]fwbgudpzodyw[/link],

  31. 31/45

    njomcygg commented on 23 March 2011 @ 10:40

    jVrmnp <a href="">wxxgxtvssohp</a>, [url=]zadynmfzwnwy[/url], [link=]krvjlsobeehu[/link],

  32. 32/45

    nkgfiermkt commented on 23 March 2011 @ 10:42

    gZqt2w <a href="">pyhmbwxxwtte</a>, [url=]mvpozmbischj[/url], [link=]jbgrekmmeaxy[/link],

  33. 33/45

    zsilua commented on 23 March 2011 @ 19:12

    XUXWgs <a href="">fnqakbmrkbwc</a>, [url=]kubbalyvyrck[/url], [link=]grhegodbutxo[/link],

  34. 34/45

    Johnette commented on 21 May 2011 @ 16:06

    That's not just the best aneswr. It's the bestest answer!

  35. 35/45

    India commented on 21 May 2011 @ 17:09

    You have shed a ray of ssnuihne into the forum. Thanks!

  36. 36/45

    Latisha commented on 4 July 2011 @ 15:53

    You're the geartest! JMHO

  37. 37/45

    Lettice commented on 5 July 2011 @ 11:08

    AFAICT you've covered all the bases with this asnewr!

  38. 38/45

    Mena commented on 5 July 2011 @ 14:59

    Hey, good to find someone who areges with me. GMTA.

  39. 39/45

    Dilara commented on 26 August 2012 @ 21:37

    RickerDecember 2, 2011Flash is a 2D animation sortwafe (though thru ur creativity u cn make the animation look 3D, just coloring effects) created by Macromedia. But recently Macromedia was bought by Adobe. The sortwafe which is used to create this animation is called Adobe Flash CS3.Normally when u visit a site u will find certain content on it, which can only be seen if u hav flash player installed. Bt this player is only to play d animation created with Flash CS3 (or an older version like Macromedia Flash 8 etc.). This player cant create such animations, can only help u view them (a bit like adobe reader which reads pdfs bt doesnt create it).As far as files on youtube are concernd, they r in .flv format. U cn plsy dem in VLC (i.e. if u knw how to save dem). I havnt usd Flash animation creation sofware for long so I dont remebr if it allows u to save animation in .flv or nt. U cn try ur hands at a demo version of Flash CS3. It used to be of 30 days when Macromedia owned it. No idea nw.Hope it helps .

  40. 40/45

    Cristiane commented on 27 August 2012 @ 01:37

    txpuddinpieDecember 2, 2011Its not for the faint of heart. Its what makes new web pages/apps look so good Flash technology has bemoce a popular method for adding animation and interactivity to web pages; Flash is commonly used to create animation, advertisements, various web page components, to integrate video into web pages, and more recently, to develop rich Internet applications.

  41. 41/45

    Adnan commented on 27 August 2012 @ 03:37

    JermaineDecember 2, 2011Sorry but if you don't even know what it is you probably wont be able to use it to certae anything, anytime soon. Took me at least a couple of months to master it enough to start doing some decent animations. Now I use adobe after effects for anything I want to animate.

  42. 42/45

    Vikas commented on 27 August 2012 @ 08:34

    karen 2007-09-21 3:01 上午 exactly what i need~i have spent a whole day to study the oiaignrl doc of Yahoo's frontpage before i come to visit this site~~really really good~~thanks a lot~

  43. 43/45

    Aggy commented on 27 August 2012 @ 11:59

    This is an article that makes you think "never tohguht of that!"

  44. 44/45

    Dejan commented on 14 November 2015 @ 05:11

    When you watch the Texans’ DE play, its easy to be impressed with his alttehic ability, speed up the field and his power at the point of attack. That’s legit talent right there. But let’s not forget about the technique Watt displays with his hands. He can “press” an offensive lineman and create some separation to work his counter moves. Fast and violent with the hands. That’s what I took from the game. CSS10-26

  45. 45/45

    Triinu commented on 14 November 2015 @ 05:47

    is a diet pills for the burning of acatmulcued fat with delvery of sperlative reult is a simpe ans quick result producing product to shed the weight within couple of months are incrdible way out to lend without waiting and make demand anytime are excellent source of acquiring credit cash and fullfill the urgent demands

  46. Leave your own comment

    Comments have been turned off on this entry to foil the demons from the lower pits of Spamzalot.

    If you've got some vitriol that just has to be spat, then contact me.

Follow me on Twitter

To hear smaller but more regular stuff from me, follow @themaninblue.

Monthly Archives

Popular Entries

My Book: Simply JavaScript

Simply JavaScript

Simply JavaScript is an enjoyable and easy-to-follow guide for beginners as they begin their journey into JavaScript. Separated into 9 logical chapters, it will take you all the way from the basics of the JavaScript language through to DOM manipulation and Ajax.

Step-by-step examples, rich illustrations and humourous commentary will teach you the right way to code JavaScript in both an unobtrusive and an accessible manner.

RSS feed